Washington, D.C., USA: The number of individuals who filed for unemployment insurance for the first time (Initial claims) during the week ended July 28 was a seasonally adjusted 218,000 the U.S. Department of Labor said Thursday in it’s Unemployment Insurance Weekly Claims Report, an increase of 1,000 from the previous week’s revised level.
The consensus forecast from economists had expected total new claims of 220000 in the past week.
The 4-week moving average was 214,500, a decrease of 3,500 from the previous week’s unrevised average of 218,000.
Seasonally adjusted initial claims data
The advance seasonally adjusted insured unemployment rate was 1.2 percent for the week ending July 21, unchanged from the previous week’s unrevised rate. The advance number for seasonally adjusted insured unemployment during the week ending July 21 was 1,724,000, a decrease of 23,000 from the previous week’s revised level. The previous week’s level was revised up 2,000 from 1,745,000 to 1,747,000. The 4-week moving average was 1,741,750, a decrease of 4,500 from the previous week’s revised average. The previous week’s average was revised up by 500 from 1,745,750 to 1,746,250.
Unadjusted initial claims data
The advance number of actual initial claims under state programs, unadjusted, totaled 179,538 in the week ending July 28, a decrease of 21,750 (or -10.8 percent) from the previous week. The seasonal factors had expected a decrease of 22,607 (or -11.2 percent) from the previous week. There were 198,776 initial claims in the comparable week in 2017.
The advance unadjusted insured unemployment rate was 1.2 percent during the week ending July 21, unchanged from the prior week. The advance unadjusted number for persons claiming UI benefits in state programs totaled 1,708,718, a decrease of 51,786 (or -2.9 percent) from the preceding week. The seasonal factors had expected a decrease of 29,691 (or -1.7 percent) from the previous week. A year earlier the rate was 1.4 percent and the volume was 1,939,674.
The total number of people claiming benefits in all programs for the week ending July 14 was 1,786,144, a decrease of 12,100 from the previous week. There were 2,006,190 persons claiming benefits in all programs in the comparable week in 2017.
No state was triggered “on” the Extended Benefits program during the week ending July 14.
Initial claims for UI benefits filed by former Federal civilian employees totaled 738 in the week ending July 21, a decrease of 100 from the prior week. There were 611 initial claims filed by newly discharged veterans, a decrease of 47 from the preceding week.
There were 7,652 former Federal civilian employees claiming UI benefits for the week ending July 14, an increase of 205 from the previous week. Newly discharged veterans claiming benefits totaled 7,534, an increase of 34 from the prior week.
The highest insured unemployment rates in the week ending July 14 were in New Jersey (2.5), Connecticut (2.3), Puerto Rico (2.3), Pennsylvania (2.1), Alaska (2.0), Rhode Island (2.0), California (1.9), the Virgin Islands (1.9), Illinois (1.6), Massachusetts (1.5), and New York (1.5).
The largest increases in initial claims for the week ending July 21 were in Michigan (+3,703), Kentucky (+2,562), Missouri (+1,053), Kansas (+301), and Wyoming (+11), while the largest decreases were in New York (-8,310), Georgia (-3,732), Alabama (-3,361), Pennsylvania (-2,388), and Oregon (-1,884).
Why Markets Care About Unemployment Insurance Weekly Claims
Unemployment Insurance Weekly Claims – also called Jobless Claims or Initial Claims – measures the number of individuals who filed for unemployment insurance for the first time during the past week.
Unemployment Insurance Weekly Claims is the nation’s earliest economic data. The market impact fluctuates from week to week – there tends to be more focus on the release when traders need to diagnose recent developments, or when the reading is at extremes.
The usual effect is that if ‘Actual’ is less than ‘Forecast’, it is good for the dollar and vice versa.
Markets care because although it’s generally viewed as a lagging indicator, the number of unemployed people is an important signal of overall economic health since consumer spending is highly correlated with labor-market conditions. Unemployment is also a major consideration for those steering the country’s monetary policy.
An initial claim is a claim filed by an unemployed individual after a separation from an employer. The claimant requests a determination of basic eligibility for the UI program. When an initial claim is filed with a state, certain programmatic activities take place and these result in activity counts including the count of initial claims. The count of U.S. initial claims for unemployment insurance is a leading economic indicator because it is an indication of emerging labor market conditions in the country. However, these are weekly administrative data which are difficult to seasonally adjust, making the series subject to some volatility.
Continued Weeks Claimed
A person who has already filed an initial claim and who has experienced a week of unemployment then files a continued claim to claim benefits for that week of unemployment. Continued claims are also referred to as insured unemployment. The count of U.S. continued weeks claimed is also a good indicator of labor market conditions.
Continued claims reflect the current number of insured unemployed workers filing for UI benefits in the nation. While continued claims are not a leading indicator (they roughly coincide with economic cycles at their peaks and lag at cycle troughs), they provide confirming evidence of the direction of the U.S. economy
Seasonal Adjustments and Annual Revisions
Over the course of a year, the weekly changes in the levels of initial claims and continued claims undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These fluctuations may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, the opening and closing of schools, or other similar events. Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make trend and cycle developments easier to spot. At the beginning of each calendar year, the Bureau of Labor Statistics provides the Employment and Training Administration (ETA) with a set of seasonal factors to apply to the unadjusted data during that year. Concurrent with the implementation and release of the new seasonal factors, ETA incorporates revisions to the UI claims historical series caused by updates to the unadjusted data.