Cainta, Rizal, Philippines: Dashcam video, taken in the Philippines on Monday, shows the moment a motorcycle driver – wearing a helmet – walked away after a truck ran right over his head. The footage shows a man on a motorcycle as he attempts to overtake a large truck along imelda avenue after Kasibulan Village in Cainta, province of Rizal.
He tries to slip in the narrow gap between the truck and the footpath, but soon loses his balance and falls to the ground – right in the path of the truck.
One of the truck’s large rear wheels then rolls right over the man’s head in what would have been a fatal accident if he was not wearing a helmet.
Incredibly, however, the downed rider manages to sit up just seconds later. Visibly shaking, he shakes off his bike helmet, which is almost flattened. Luckily, his head remains intact, and he even manages to stand up and move to the footpath nearby as traffic around the horrifying collision comes to a standstill.
The man keeps standing up as other motorcyclists and passengers urge him to sit down and stop moving. Moments later, he seems to collapse to the ground and is helped by a fellow moped driver who appears to call for help.
“Motorcycle crash deaths are costly, but preventable. The single most effective way for states to save lives and save money is a universal helmet law.” The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says.
Helmets saved an estimated 1,859 lives in 2016. If all motorcyclists would have worn helmets in 2016, 802 more could have been saved. Each year, the United States could save more than $1billion in economic costs if all motorcyclists wore helmets. Helmets reduce the risk of death by 37%. Helmets also reduce the risk of head injury by 69%, data from the CDC shows.
The Community Preventive Services Task Force (CPSTF) recommends universal motorcycle helmet laws that apply to all motorcycle operators and passengers.
Evidence shows universal helmet laws increase helmet use; decrease motorcycle-related deaths and injuries; and are substantially more effective than no law or partial motorcycle helmet laws. Partial helmet laws apply only to riders who are young, novices, or have medical insurance coverage below certain thresholds.
Evidence shows the economic benefits of universal motorcycle helmet laws greatly exceed costs. Most benefits come from avoided healthcare and productivity losses.
Unhelmeted motorcycle riders injured in a crash and admitted to hospitals face substantially higher healthcare costs than do
helmeted riders. Unhelmeted riders also use more of a hospital’s critical resources.
Unhelmeted motorcycle riders are twice as likely to suffer traumatic brain injuries from crashes.
The median hospital charges for motorcycle riders hospitalized with severe traumatic brain injuries were 13 times higher than the charges for those who did not have a traumatic brain injury.
Unhelmeted motorcycle riders are less likely to have health insurance and are therefore more likely to have their medical expenses paid by government-funded healthcare.
Motorcycle helmet laws in the U.S. require motorcycle riders to wear a helmet when riding on public roads. In the United States these laws are implemented at the state level and fall into two categories:
- Universal helmet laws apply to all motorcycle operators and passengers.
- Partial helmet laws apply only to some motorcycle operators, such as those under a certain age (usually 18); novices (most often defined as having less than 1 year of experience); or those who do not meet the state’s requirement for medical insurance coverage. Passengers on motorcycles are not consistently covered under partial helmet laws.
Universal and partial motorcycle helmet laws may contain provisions that:
- Require use of helmets approved by regulatory agencies (e.g., U.S. Department of Transportation)
- Cover all motorized cycles (including motorcycles and low-powered cycles such as mopeds or scooters), or cover only those meeting specific criteria (most often defined by engine capacity, horsepower, or ability to exceed certain speeds)
- Specify penalties for violators (usually monetary fines)