Hawai‘i County Civil Defense gave an update at 12 noon, local time, today, Sunday, on the East rift zone eruption from Hawaii’s Kilauea Volcano.
“Hawaiian Volcano Observatory continues to monitor active flows. Two lava flows have entered the ocean off Highway 137 near MacKenzie State Park. Hawaiian Volcano Observatory reported that sulfur dioxide emission rates tripled down wind of the rift today. Areas of Kamaili, Seaview, and Malama Ki have elevated levels. Take action necessary to limit further exposure.
Due to the lava entry at the ocean, the following policies are in effect:
- Access to the area is prohibited due to the laze hazard.
- Stay away from any ocean plume. The plume travels with the wind and can change direction without warning.
- The U.S. Coast Guard is actively monitoring the area. Only permitted tour boats are allowed in the area.
- Highway 137 is closed between Kamaili Road and Pohoiki Road.
- Kamaili Road is closed to all thru traffic. No stopping, this is a high sulfur dioxide area.
- Everyone is asked to stay out of the area.
The residents of lower Puna are going through a very difficult time. We ask for your help by avoiding the affected areas. Thank you for your understanding.
Thank you for listening. We are on watch 24-hours a day for your safety.
This is your Hawai‘i County Civil Defense.” the update concludes.
“Additional explosive events could produce ashfall downwind are possible at any time. Volcanic gas emissions at the summit remain high.”- USGS Volcanoes said on Sunday. “We were never really waiting for one “big explosion” but rather a series of small explosions, like those that are happening right now. We expect these small explosions to continue for the coming days. In 1924 — the best parallel we know of for the current activity — small explosions occurred sporadically for 17 days…” USGS Volcanoes added.
USGS Volcanoes also confirmed that lava level has dropped below the groundwater level at Kilauea.
“Yes, it has been below the water table for about a week or so. We know this because the steam explosions have begun, and because of the presence of H2S in the plume (that gas forms when SO2 reacts with groundwater).”
Overnight, USGS-Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists tracked lava flows as they descend downhill and enter the ocean. The flow is ~3 m (9 ft) high and the HVO scientist mapping the flow is about ~15 m (50 ft) away, the USGS added.
The Kilauea volcano erupted at least twice this weekend, at one point launching a cloud of ash up to 10,000 feet high and causing a 5.0 magnitude tremor and a 4.9 magnitude tremor at the summit. The volcano has caused almost two dozen fissures to crack the Earth’s surface open spewing fountains of lava and dangerous sulfur dioxide.
New evacuations were underway in Hawaii as active lava flows Saturday evening caused brush fires to spread in Puna, the easternmost district on the Big Island.
Many of the people in the area had already voluntarily evacuated, a spokesperson for the mayor’s office said. The mayor’s office also confirmed the first injury since Kilauea erupted May 3. The spokesperson said a homeowner on Noni Farms Road in the hard-hit town of Pahoa was sitting on his balcony when he was hit with lava splatter. The man was hit on the leg and shattered everything from the shin down to his foot, the spokesperson said. The man was rushed to the hospital for treatment.
The lava erupting from Kilauea can be as hot as 2,000 degrees, according to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), though it cools by hundreds of degrees once it hits the open air.
Officials were also concerned about two fissures which had merged near MacKenzie State Park and the lava entering the pacific ocean, forming what is called laze.
“Laze is formed when hot lava hits the ocean sending hydrochloric acid and steam with fine glass particles into the air,”Hawai‘i County Civil Defense warned in a statement. “Health hazards of laze include lung, eye and skin irritation. Be aware that the laze plume travels with the wind and can change direction without warning.”