Cyprus (1960), Nigeria (1960) and Tuvalu (1978) today, October 1, in ceremonies marked their independence from Britain. Even though Cyprus attained independence from the United Kingdom on August 16, 1960, Cyprus Independence Day is commonly celebrated on October 1. China also celebrated national day today. On October 1 in 1949, Chairman Mao proclaimed the founding of the People’s Republic of China at Tiananmen Square in Beijing.
The People’s Republic of China celebrated National Day Saturday, a holiday honoring the founding date of the country. Although the Chinese Independence Day was actually won on Sept. 21, 1949, it wasn’t until Oct. 1 when Red Army leader Mao Zedong declared the day of independence amongst a crowd of 300,000 at Tiananmen Square.
On Oct. 2, 1949, China’s new government passed the “Resolution on the National Day of the People’s Republic of China” to make Oct. 1 to be the Chinese National Day. This year, Saturday marked the start of Golden Week in China, during which people celebrate the Republic with activities and festivals all week long.
The Republic of Cyprus celebrated on Sunday the 57th anniversary since the declaration of its Independence, with a military parade that took place in Nicosia. President of Cyprus Nicos Anastasiades received the salute of the parade, in the presence of the country`s political, religious and military leadership. The Greek government was represented by Minister of National Defence Panos Kamenos.
Photo: Tuvalu Independence Day
Tuvalu is a group of nine tiny islands in the South Pacific which won independence from the United Kingdom in 1978. Five of the islands are coral atolls, the other four consist of land rising from the sea bed. Formerly known as the Ellice Islands, all are low-lying, with no point on Tuvalu being higher than 4.5m above sea level. Local politicians have campaigned against climate change, arguing that it could see the islands swamped by rising sea levels.