Emmerson Mnangagwa Sworn In As President Of Zimbabwe

by Bamidele Ogunberu Posted on November 24th, 2017

Harare, Zimbabwe : Former Zimbabwe Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa has been sworn in as interim president. When Mnangagwa arrived at the 60,000-seat Zimbabwean National Stadium, in the capital Harare, the large crowd erupted with shouts and singing, cheering him. A handful of regional leaders also attended the ceremony, including the leaders of Botswana, Mozambique and Zambia. South African President Jacob Zuma, who would have represented southern Africa’s dominant regional player, was not due to attend because he was hosting a visit by Angola’s new head of state.

“I will be faithful to Zimbabwe and obey, uphold and defend the constitution and all other laws of Zimbabwe,” said Emmerson Mnangagwa, as he took the oath of office before the country’s chief justice.

Speaking in his inauguration address, Mnangagwa praised former President Robert Mugabe, calling him “the father of the nation,” adding, “Let us all accept and acknowledge his immense contribution to the building of our nation.”

Mnangagwa, who will serve as interim president until late August 2018, when Mugabe’s term was set to expire, also confirmed that new election in the country would be held as scheduled next year.

According to Zimbabwe’s new leader, acts of corruption must stop in the country.

After the ceremony, Mnangagwa is expected to announce his cabinet on Friday, according to media reports.

Organizers of the ceremony said that it was a “historic day” for all Zimbabweans.

It was also reported earlier that Mugabe would miss the ceremony because he needs to recover from the recent “hectic events.”

“The former President needed time to rest after the hectic events of the week and a half that has gone by and therefore he may not be attending tomorrow’s inauguration. He extends his good wishes and support to the incoming President,” Mugabe’s spokesman George Charamba said.

Mnangagwa served as a former justice and defense minister, and was an important Mugabe confidant for decades before the pair fell out because of the presidential ambitions of Mugabe’s wife, Grace. Mugabe sacked Mnangagwa from his vice presidential role in early November. Mnangagwa then fled to South Africa.

The move led the country’s ruling party, Zimbabwean African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) and the military to intervene and force Mugabe to step down.

Last week, the country’s military deployed armored vehicles to the Zimbabwean capital city of Harare, confining Mugabe to his residence. After Mugabe failed to meet the party’s ultimatum to resign, it decided to begin impeachment proceedings, with the Zimbabwean parliament’s speaker announcing Mugabe’s resignation on Tuesday.

In his letter read out by the parliament’s speaker, Mugabe said he was resigning to allow a peaceful transition and that his decision was voluntary. The news sparked a wave of celebrations across the country.

Emmerson Mnangagwa, assured former President Robert Mugabe, he and his family would be safe in the country, state media said on Friday. Mnangagwa gave the assurance today, when the two men spoke for the first time since he returned home this week, according to State-owned media.

EARLIER: Zimbabwe Grants Robert Mugabe, Grace Mugabe Immunity From Prosecution – Former Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and his wife Grace Mugabe have reportedly been granted immunity from prosecution, local media reports referencing an official in the ruling ZANU-PF party. Mugabe has been negotiating terms of his retirement with Zimbabwean generals and political leaders who forced him to step down Tuesday after 37 years in power.

Ziyambi Ziyambi, a Zanu-PF MP and former minister, said both had been guaranteed immunity from prosecution and other unspecified protections.

“There has been an agreement. They are elder statesmen and will be respected and given their dues. He was our president and he agreed to resign, so he will enjoy the benefits of being an ex-president and his wife too. He is our icon,” Ziyambi said.

The military took over state institutions after Mugabe, who is 93, fired vice president Emmerson Mnangagwa on November 5 and suggested he would appoint his much younger wife to the post.

Military authorities also assured Robert Mugabe and his wife Grace Mugabe their safety will be protected in Zimbabwe.
Mugabe had told negotiators he wanted to die in Zimbabwe and had no plans to live in exile.

Simon Khaya Moyo, a spokesman for the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front, said though Mugabe is no longer in power, he is regarded as the “hero” of the country’s independence.

“There aren’t any plans for former President Robert Mugabe; he’s free to stay in Zimbabwe and he won’t face prosecution,” the spokesman said, adding neither he nor his family are regarded as enemies of the state.

Col. Overson Mugwisi, a spokesman for the Zimbabwean Defense Forces, confirmed a deal was reached where Mugabe and his wife Grace will be granted immunity and a guarantee of safety.

The couple will be allowed to stay in the country.

Mugabe will receive a retirement package that includes a pension, housing, holiday and transport allowance, health insurance, limited air travel and security.

Human rights groups have accused Mugabe of rigging elections, allowing large-scale corruption and being responsible for the torture and killing of thousands of political opponents during his long rule.

Mnangagwa returned to Zimbabwe Wednesday after spending about two weeks in exile. The speaker of parliament says Mnangagwa will be sworn in as the country’s new president on Friday.

U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has urged Zimbabwe’s new leaders to ensure the country holds free and fair elections. “The people of Zimbabwe must choose their own leaders,” he said Tuesday.

Zimbabweans have expressed concerns about Mnangagwa, who is known as “The Crocodile” and was a close ally of Mugabe for decades. They are concerned he will run Zimbabwe in the same ruthless fashion as his predecessor.

John Campbell, a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, said because Mnangagwa played such a key role in Mugabe’s administration, he does not anticipate a dramatic change in the style of governance in the short term.

“Nevertheless, the fact that there has been a coup, the fact that Mugabe has resigned, opens the range of possibilities.” Campbell said. “Whether or not the Zimbabwean people will take advantage of that it is too soon to tell.”

EARLIER: Emmerson Mnangagwa Makes 1st Speech As Zimbabwe President-Elect – 75-year-old Emmerson Mnangagwa, – who will be sworn in as president on Friday – has said in his first speech since Mugabe resigned that Zimbabwe is entering a new era of democracy. Emmerson Mnangagwa, whose sacking as vice president earlier in November triggered a military takeover, flew back to Zimbabwe on Wednesday, a day after longtime President Robert Mugabe resigned amidst impeachment proceedings. Mnangagwa had fled to South Africa after his dismissal, citing threats to his life.

“Today, we are witnessing the beginning of a new and unfolding democracy,” Mnangagwa told thousands of jubilant supporters at the headquarters of the ruling ZANU-PF party in the capital, Harare.

“We want to grow our economy, we want jobs,” he added.

“All patriotic Zimbabweans (should) come together, work together.”

Zimbabweans call Emmerson Mnangagwa ‘the crocodile’ as he has been Robert Mugabe’s brutal chief enforcer for the past 36 years and the most feared man in the country.

EARLIER: Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe Resigns Halting Impeachment Hearing – Zimbabwe parliament speaker Jacob Mudenda has said that President Robert Mugabe has resigned. A letter from Mr Mugabe said that the decision was voluntary and that he had made it to allow a smooth transfer of power, the Reuters news agency reports. The letter was delivered to the Speaker as per the Constitution.

The surprise announcement halted an impeachment hearing that had begun against him to remove him from office. The speaker of Zimbabwe’s parliament, Jacob Mudenda, suspended the impeachment debate as wild celebrations broke out in parliament.

Lawmakers roared in jubilation and people have begun celebrating in the streets.

Jacob Mudenda, the speaker of Zimbabwe’s parliament, says a new leader will be in office by the end of Wednesday.

Jacob Mudenda said he was dealing with legal issues to ensure that the vacuum left by President Robert Mugabe’s resignation was filled.

The letter did not mention who would take over from Mr Mugabe, who has been in power since independence in 1980.

The constitution says it should be the current vice-president, Phelekezela Mphoko, a supporter of Grace Mugabe, Mr Mugabe’s wife.

Mr Mugabe had previously refused to resign despite last week’s military takeover and days of protests.

Mugabe was Zimbabwe’s first and only leader, having been in power since the country gained its independence from the U.K. in 1980, but lately he has been under exceptional pressure to end his 37-year tenure in power.

What triggered the moves to oust him was his dismissal of Emmerson Mnangagwa as vice-president two weeks ago.

That decision was seen by many as clearing the way for Mr Mugabe’s wife, Grace, to succeed her husband as leader. It riled the military leadership, who stepped in and put Mr Mugabe under house arrest.

Now under house arrest by the military, which seized power last week in what it described as a “bloodless correction,” Mugabe has also heard calls for his resignation from his own ruling ZANU-PF party and demonstrators in the streets. Just days after tens of thousands gathered to demand that he step down in the capital, Harare, Reuters reports another sizable protest collected outside the parliament building in the city Tuesday.

The recently ousted vice president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, called on Mugabe to “accept the will of the people” and resign. Mnangagwa is viewed by many as Mugabe’s likely successor.

“Parliament is the ultimate expression of the will of the people outside an election and in my view is expressing national sentiment by implementing the impeachment,” Mnangagwa said in a statement from an undisclosed location Tuesday, according to The Guardian. Mnangagwa, who said he had heard there were plans to “eliminate” him after his ouster, added that he “would not return home now until I am satisfied of my personal security, because of the manner and treatment given to me upon being fired.”

The tumult Tuesday follows days of uncertainty surrounding Mugabe, who was displaced from power by the military in an attempt to reclaim the country from the “criminals around [Mugabe] who are committing crimes” — though, as it soon became clear, the military intended Mugabe to step down, too.

UK Prime Minister Theresa May said Mr Mugabe’s resignation “provides Zimbabwe with an opportunity to forge a new path free of the oppression that characterised his rule”.

She said that former colonial power Britain, “as Zimbabwe’s oldest friend”, will do all it can to support free and fair elections and the rebuilding of the Zimbabwean economy.

About Robert Gabriel Mugabe

Robert Gabriel Mugabe was born on February 21, 1924, in Kutama, Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe).

He founded ZANU in 1963 as a resistance movement against British colonial rule.

In 1964 he was Imprisoned by Rhodesian government.

In 1980, when British rule ended, Mugabe became prime minister of the new Republic of Zimbabwe.

In 1987, he was elected president of Zimbabwe.

In 1996 he marries Grace Marufu – plucked from his secretarial pool.

In 2008 he comes second in first round of elections to Morgan Tsvangirai who pulls out of run-off amid nationwide attacks on his supporters

In 2009 amid economic collapse, swears in Mr Tsvangirai as prime minister, who serves in uneasy government of national unity for four years.

After sharing power with Morgan Tsvangirai from 2008 to 2013, Mugabe again resumed control of the country, until efforts to oust him from power were launched in late 2017.

In 2017 he sacks long-time ally Vice-President Emmerson Mnangagwa, paving the way for his wife Grace to succeed him. Army intervenes and forces him to step down

Mugabe’s father was a carpenter. He went to work at a Jesuit mission in South Africa when Mugabe was just a boy, and mysteriously never came home. Mugabe’s mother, a teacher, was left to bring up Mugabe and his three siblings on her own.

As a child, Mugabe helped out by tending the family’s cows and making money through odd jobs. Mugabe was fortunate enough to receive a good education. He attended school at the local Jesuit mission under the supervision of school director Father O’Hea. A powerful influence on the boy, O’Hea taught Mugabe that all people should be treated equally and educated to the fulfillment of their abilities.

EARLIER: Sacked Robert Mugabe Does Not Resign Presidency As Impeachment Looms – Despite being sacked as party leader and with a possible impeachment looming, Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe on Sunday – a televised address – refused to step down from his post despite calls from his own party to resign. Mugabe rather suggested he would preside over the party’s congress next month. The party responded by saying it gave Mugabe “every chance to have a dignified exit.”

Members of the political party ZANU-PF on Sunday expelled Mugabe as their leader and anointed Emmerson Mnangagwa the new party leader. The party issued an ultimatum that Mugabe would be impeached as president if he did not step down by mid-day Monday.

“The congress is due in a few weeks from now. I will preside over its processes, which must not be possessed by any acts calculated to undermine it or compromise the outcomes in the eyes of the public,” Mugabe outlined.

The president said the “failures of the past” may have triggered anger “in some quarters”. He said this was “quite understandable.”

The chairman of the Zimbabwe War Veterans Association, Chris Mutsvangwa, who led the campaign to oust the world’s oldest head of state, said Mugabe, 93, is “deaf and blind” to the desires of the people. He added that plans to impeach Mugabe would go ahead as planned.

The leader of Zimbabwe’s opposition, Morgan Tsvangirai, echoed the sentiments, saying he was “baffled” by the address.

“I am baffled. It’s not just me, it’s the whole nation. He’s playing a game. He has let the whole nation down,” Tsvangirai told reporters.

Zimbabwe ruling party’s chief whip said after the address that Mugabe’s impeachment will go ahead until ‘advised otherwise’

Mugabe has led Zimbabwe for 37 years, but his time as president appears to be coming to an end.

A military coup placed Mugabe, 93, under house arrest last week after he fired Mnangagwa as vice president and indicated he would transfer power to his wife, Grace.

“Whatever the pros and cons of how (the army) went about their operation, I, as commander-in-chief, do acknowledge their concerns,” Mugabe said Sunday in the televised address.

Hundreds of thousands of people poured into the streets of Harare, Zimbabwe, on Saturday to celebrate Mugabe’s apparent ouster.

EARLIER: Zimbabwe’s Ruling Zanu-PF Replaces Robert Mugabe With Axed VP Mnangagwa As Party Leader – Zimbabwe ruling party, ZANU-PF, has sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former vice-president Mnangagwa in his place. The party’s central committee met in the capital Harare on Sunday. President Robert Mugabe’s wife Grace was also expelled from Zimbabwe’s ruling Zanu-PF party. Impeaching the president is the next step when Parliament resumes Tuesday, and lawmakers will “definitely” put the process in motion, the main opposition’s parliamentary chief whip reportedly said.

Sunday’s meeting was reportedly been convened to remove President Robert Mugabe – Zimbabwe’s ruler of the last 37-year – as its leader.

The meeting was also expected to reinstate the axed vice president, Emmerson Mnangagwa.

Former vice president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, is expected to lead a new government after the Central Committee made him its nominee to take over as the country’s president when Mugabe goes. Without the military’s intervention, the first lady likely would have replaced Mnangagwa as vice president and been in a position to succeed her husband.

The Central Committee also expelled several high-level members close to the first lady, including minister of higher education Jonathan Moyo, finance minister Ignatious Chombo, Mugabe’s nephew Patrick Zhuwao, local government minister Saviour Kasukuwere, foreign affairs minister Walter Mzembi and several others.

Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe later met military chiefs who have put him under house arrest on Sunday for a second round of negotiations to encourage him to stand down after 37 years in power.

In photos posted on the website of state-owned media, Mugabe was shown in a dark suit and tie and standing behind a wooden desk at State House as he shook hands with a procession of generals and the chief of police.

The ruling ZANU-PF party had earlier on Sunday dismissed the president and his wife from their party posts at a special meeting called to decide his fate.

They are expected to make a further attempt to persuade him to resign. Mediation was led by Catholic priest Fidelis Mukonori state TV said.

Mugabe’s talks with army commander Constantino Chiwenga were the second round of negotiations on an exit as the military tries to avoid accusations of a coup.

Zimbabwean officials have not revealed details of the talks, but the military appears to favor a voluntary resignation by Mugabe to maintain a veneer of legality in the political transition.

In a statement the Zanu-PF Youth League condemned Mr Mugabe’s allies for “looting and plundering” and his wife Grace for “vulgar, cunning and unruly behaviour”, and called on him to stand down and to “rest as an elder statesman”.

Nine of 10 Zanu-PF party chapters say Mr Mugabe should step down and their decision is likely to be endorsed at Sunday’s meeting of the party’s top body, the central committee.

Thousands marched through the streets of Harare in support of the military who took over government following the sacking of vice president Emmerson Mnangagwa.

Following the peaceful protest in Harare, Zimbabweans said they are satisfied they have sent a clear message to Mugabe and his wife Grace to leave the highest office of the land.

Zimbabweans say they are ready for a new president.

Zimbabweans say want the 18th of November declared national independence day because it’s the day they united against Mugabe’s regime.

Soldiers seized the headquarters of Zimbabwe’s national broadcaster ZBC on Wednesday.

An army official, Maj Gen Sibusiso Moyo, then read out a statement on national television, assuring the nation that President Mugabe and his family were safe.

The military was only targeting what he called “criminals” around the president, he said, denying that there had been a coup.

On Friday, Mr Mugabe made his first public appearance since being put under house arrest, speaking at a university.

EARLIER : Zimbabwe Army Detains Mugabes, Controls Capital, StateBroadcaster, But Says ‘Not A Coup’ – Armed soldiers in armored personnel carriers have stationed themselves at key points in Harare. Zimbabwe’s army has taken President Robert Mugabe and his wife into custody, is in control of the capital, Harare, has taken over government offices and is patrolling the capital’s streets – but says it is ‘not a coup’. The military has also taken over the state broadcaster. Armed soldiers in armored personnel carriers have stationed themselves at key points in Harare.

In an address to the nation after taking control of the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation, Major General Sibusiso Moyo said early Wednesday the military is targeting “criminals” around Mugabe, and sought to reassure the country that order will be restored.

Mugabe and his wife is in the custody of the military. “Their security is guaranteed,” Moyo said.

“We wish to make it abundantly clear that this is not a military takeover,” he said. “We are only targeting criminals around (Mugabe) who are committing crimes that are causing social and economic suffering in the country in order to bring them to justice.”

Moyo added “as soon as we have accomplished our mission, we expect that the situation will return to normalcy.” The army spokesman called on churches to pray for the nation. He urged other security forces to “cooperate for the good of our country,” warning that “any provocation will be met with an appropriate response.”

All troops were ordered to return to barracks immediately, with all leave canceled, said Moyo. The broadcast was sent out from the ZBC headquarters in Pocket’s Hill near Harare’s Borrowdale suburb.

The night’s action triggered speculation of a coup, but the military’s supporters praised it as a “bloodless correction.” South Africa’s president, Zuma said he spoke with 93-year-old Mugabe – who has been in power since Zimbabwe’s independence from white minority rule in 1980. Zuma said Mugabe was “fine” but confined to his home.

The developments followed Mugabe’s firing of his deputy, which had appeared to position the first lady, Grace Mugabe, to replace Emmerson Mnangagwa as one of the country’s two vice presidents at a party conference next month.

It was not clear Wednesday where Mnangagwa was, though he fled the country last week citing threats to him and his family.

The U.S. Embassy closed to the public Wednesday and encouraged citizens to shelter in place, citing “the ongoing political uncertainty through the night.” The British Embassy issued a similar warning, citing “reports of unusual military activity.”

Author

Bamidele Ogunberu

Bamidele Ogunberu

Staff Writer
Phone
Email

Leave a Reply