Monrovia, Liberia: Liberia’s Supreme Court has ordered preparations for Tuesday’s presidential run-off to be halted amid allegations of fraud in the first round. Ex-football star George Weah and Vice-President Joseph Boakai are due to go head-to-head in the 7 November vote.
But the Liberty Party’s Charles Brumskine, who came third in the first round, has challenged the result.
Last month’s election was the country’s first independently run vote following the end of civil war in 2003.
Following the announcement, riot police were deployed to guard the court and electoral commission.
Later, a delegation arrived in the capital, among them the heads of the regional grouping Ecowas, and the Africa Union. They are meeting the heads of all the political parties.
Mr Brumskine and the Liberty Party said the first round was “characterised by massive systematic irregularities and fraud”, including polling stations opening late and therefore preventing people from voting.
The election is to be postponed until his accusations are properly investigated, the court says.
But even if his case is thrown out, observers say it is likely to delay next week’s vote as the commission will have lost valuable preparation time.
The accusation of irregularities is backed by two other political parties – including Mr Boakai’s Unity Party, which on Sunday alleged that its own president had interfered in the process.
In a statement, it said Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Africa’s first female elected president and a winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, had attempted to influence the outcome of the poll.
Relations between Mrs Sirleaf and her deputy are not warm, with some ruling party officials saying the vice-president was not her choice to succeed her, the BBC’s Jonathan Paye-Layleh reports from the capital Monrovia.
Mrs Sirleaf, 79, has however said more than twice that she supports Mr Boakai, who won 28.8% of the vote compared to Mr Weah’s 38.4% in the first round.
Mr Weah’s Congress for Democratic Change (CDC) responded to the accusations by noting it was “sad for a ruling party that has been in power for 12 years [to] be crying”.
Mrs Sirleaf, meanwhile, has urged those taking part in the election to ensure the process “remains peaceful” so it can be completed successfully.
International observers, including the European Union, had not raised major concerns about the first round of voting, although some irregularities were observed, according to media reports.
The court has instructed the Liberty Party and the electoral commission to present their cases by Thursday.
Election commission spokesman Henry Flomo said it would abide by any ruling the Supreme Court made.
EARLIER: Soccer Icon Weah, Incumbent VP Boakai, In Liberia Runoff Election – A runoff vote for the presidency of Liberia will be held between former Chelsea, Manchester City and AC Milan striker George Weah and incumbent Vice President Joseph Boakai, the electoral commission said Sunday.
With over 95 percent of votes counted in the West African country, Weah has taken 39.0 percent of the votes and Boakai 29.1 percent – neither of them near the 50 percent required to win the presidency outright after the first round of voting last week.
Voters cast their ballots Tuesday, marking the West African nation’s first smooth transition of power from one democratically elected leadership to another in more than 70 years.
The country’s 2.1 million registered voters were choosing the successor to Nobel Peace laureate Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Africa’s first female elected head of state, who is stepping down after serving two six-year terms, as mandated by Liberia’s constitution.
Sirleaf has led Liberia through a period of peace in the aftermath of a 14-year civil war that ended in 2003. But the country remains plagued by corruption and is still trying to recover from the Ebola situation that killed 5,000 people in 2014 and 2015.
It will be the first time since 1944 that a democratically elected leader will hand over power to another elected leader in Liberia.
Johnson Sirleaf, 2011 Nobel Peace Prize winner, will step down after 12 years at the helm of Africa’s first republic, whose back-to-back civil wars (1989-2003) and Ebola situation (2014-16) have stunted growth and left Liberia among the world’s poorest nations.
Twenty candidates ran to replace Johnson Sirleaf, with footballing icon George Weah, incumbent Vice President Joseph Boakai, longtime opposition figure Charles Brumskine and soft drinks millionaire Alexander Cummings considered front-runners all along.
Just one woman sought to follow Africa’s first elected female head of state – model-turned-humanitarian MacDella Cooper.
The elections of a president, vice president and members of the House of Representatives are a “crucial test for the democratic process in Liberia,” Maria Arena, chief observer of the European Union, told journalists in Monrovia this week.
“A peaceful transition from one elected president to another is important not only for Liberia but also as an example for the region,” she said.
Such a transition would be the first in living memory after seven decades of coups, assassinations and exiled dictators.
While ordinary Liberians are grateful that peace has held through Sirleaf’s two terms in office, living standards in Liberia remain dire for most and have become the focus of the campaign.
“We are doing everything ourselves to survive,” Emmet Garokapee, a market trader, said as his head was shaved with a single razor blade at a backstreet barber for lack of electricity.
Liberia ranks 177 of 188 countries in the UN’s Human Development Index and 174 of 190 nations in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Index, and every candidate has laid out their plans to change the nation’s gloomy outlook.
Vice President Boakai made infrastructure, especially road building, central to his campaign.
But he faced accusations his government did too little on corruption and spent two terms pressing for donor funds abroad rather than innovate at home.
Sirleaf, in her defence, said in an October 2 speech that “if we did not have those (UN) agencies and those programmes here, with our limited resources we would not have achieved the things we wanted.”
But candidates such as telecoms tycoon Benoni Urey lashed out at what he calls a “dependency” on foreign aid. A former executive vice president at Coca-Cola, Cummings cited handling a budget larger than that of Liberia’s government as evidence of his competence to lead, and he is seen as the dark horse of the campaign.
Development, Cummings said at a rally on Thursday, “is not too much to ask of ourselves after 170 years,” in reference to the nation’s founding by freed African-American slaves in 1847.
Liberia’s most famous son, footballer-turned-senator George Weah, attracted huge crowds everywhere he campaigned and had a faithful youth following in a country where a fifth of the electorate is aged 18 to 22, but was blamed for issuing vague promises and for his long absences from the country.
Liberians have praised the nation’s first presidential debates, which were held in Weah’s absence.
Some also questioned his pick for vice president – Jewel Howard-Taylor, the ex-wife of Liberian warlord and former president Charles Taylor.
Charles Taylor is currently serving time in Britain for war crimes committed in neighbouring Sierra Leone, and rumours swirl he is issuing orders by phone from his jail cell.
Weah denies contact with him.
While campaigning was “largely peaceful” according to the NEC, with just one clash between Weah and Brumskine supporters, some Liberians remained worried after sparks of violence at the last elections in 2011 that killed two people.